Comparison of musculoskeletal fitness between preschool girls and boys in Tehran city
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1PhD Student in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamshahr branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran.
2Assistant Professor in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Sports Medicine Research Center, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
3MSc in Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education, Alborz University, Abyek, Iran.
4PhD in Corrective Exercise, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
5Assistant Professor in Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract
The aim of this study was to compare of musculoskeletal fitness between preschool girls and boys in Tehran city.
In this cross-sectional study, 591 children aged five and six years in Tehran were selected as the study sample. The flexibility, strength and endurance tests were used for evaluating musculoskeletal fitness. Flexibility was measured by sit and reach tests, shoulder mobility and trunk lift, muscle strength and endurance were measured by Swedish pull up test. Data were analyzed by independent t-test and one-way ANOVA at the significant level of P <0.05 using SPSS 22 software.
The results showed that: The mean and standard deviation of sit and reach test for boys and girls were 22.25 ± 4.20 and 21.22 ± 3.78 cm, respectively. The mean and standard deviation of right shoulder mobility for boys and girls were 3.15 ± 4.33 and 2.29 ± 4.03 cm, respectively. The mean and standard deviation of left shoulder mobility for boys and girls were 4.35 ± 4.98 and 3.29 ± 4.60 cm, respectively. The mean and standard deviation of trunk lifting for boys and girls were 26.36 ± 3.44 and 26.74 ± 3.37 cm, respectively. The mean and standard deviation of Swedish pull up for boys and girls were 5.89 ± 5.97 and 4.11 ± 4.49 n, respectively. Other findings of this study showed that there was a significant difference between girls and boys at performance in sit and reach test, shoulder mobility, and Swedish pull up between girls and boys (p<0.05). In addition, there was no difference in trunk lifting (p>0.05).
These findings emphasize on the importance of planning to improve musculoskeletal fitness as an intervention for promoting physical activity level and preventing the development of obesity in preschool children.
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