Employment System of Graduates of Physical Education and Sport Sciences with Privatization Approach
Oral Presentation XML
assistant professor at Shahid Beheshti University
Introduction: The lack of job market for graduates of sport sciences in the higher education system on the one hand, and scientific and technological weaknesses in the sports industry and sports organizations in the country, on the other hand, has caused the scientific and economic development of sport in general, and the graduates' employment in sport, in particular, be considered as an important and strategic issue. Therefore, to review the system of education, guidance and employment of sports science graduates and to analyze the employment environment in the country seems necessary.
Methodology: This was a strategic study based on documentary analysis and qualitative scaling. The research population consisted of two informational population (scientific and libraries resources, executive documents, media content) and human population (managers, experts, professors, entrepreneurs, students and graduates, and business owners in sport). The statistical sample was selected and investigated using purposeful and accessible method. Research tools included five library study tools, interviews, meetings, questionnaires and Delphi technique. Descriptive method, qualitative system, and conceptual matrices were used to analyze the findings.
Findings: The analytical axes of the research included graduates’ occupational-educational dimensions, entrepreneurial capacities, and job creation of sports industry, privatization, and strategic structural analysis. The graduates’ occupational-educational dimensions include: -occupational-educational path, grouping in terms of employment and entrepreneurship capabilities, occupational focal competencies, job expectations, employment expectation index, index of transition from education to employment, employment methods, students’ perceptions of barriers to employment and employment paths. The entrepreneurial and job creation capacities of sports industry were also evaluated in axes of: types of sports jobs, job creation capacities in sport fields, job creation capacities in fields of sports sciences, job creation capacities in the field of the main trends in sports sciences, capacities available in different parts of the market and sports industry, capacities available in the country’s sports levels, capacities available in organizations and sports institutions, and institutional capacities for permissions of diverse business-related sports. The findings of the privatization section included the status of various privatization methods in the field of sports, assignment and privatization axes in the public sector of sports, and the challenges of the privatization process in sport. Strategic structural analysis included three sections of structural analysis, strategic analysis, and national and inter-organizational model of division of labor. Strategic analysis included axes, capabilities, challenges, objectives and strategies for the development of the employment of graduates of sport science, which is presented in detail.
Conclusion: The general findings of the research indicate that the ecosystem of employment of physical education graduates is not suitably systematic and efficient. Despite not having a good history in the country, privatization was evaluated as the best strategy for the development of job creation. In general, on the basis of the analytical framework of the plan and the findings, it can be said that in the development of employment of graduates of sport sciences, firstly, attention should be axially paid to changing the roles in a process from student to graduate, seeking work, and worker. Then, structural-functional relationships between the environments related to each of these roles (from university to industry) should be strengthened.