Orthoses in Sports

Oral Presentation
Paper ID : 1940-12THCONG
Neuromusculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation/ Department of Orthotics & Prosthetics, Iran University of Medical sciences,
In recent decades, sports activity has increased significantly. During sports activities, repetitive movements are performed in a greater range of motion and more internal and external forces are applied to the joints and limbs which can cause direct organ damage or overuse injuries. Orthoses are supportive devices that can not only prevent injury but can also speed up the healing process so that athletes can return to their sports activities more quickly. Although not many clinical trials have been performed on the effect of orthoses in the prevention and treatment of sport injuries, several studies have confirmed the effectiveness of these devices. Some orthoses, such as Ankle Supports or Face-Protective Orthosis, can be used to prevent ankle sprains or injuries to the cranial or facial during exercise, respectively. Some orthoses are also used to reduce pain and symptoms, such as the Infrapatellar Knee strap, which are used to reduce pain in injuries such as patellar tendonopathy or Osgood-Schlatter disease, or medical insoles that put the foot in a neutral position, support the medial longitudinal arch and reduce the vertical impact on the foot during activity, and are effective in Plantar fasciitis, Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome or Achilles tendinopathy. Spinal orthoses are also effective in cases such as Disc Herniation or Degeneration and isolation vertebrae compression fractures.