The Effect of Progressive Resistance Training With Garlic Supplementation on Insulin Resistance index and Fat percentage in Overweight Young Women

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1893-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1893-12CONG.jpg 
گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه.
Introduction: Overweight is mainly associated with an increase in fat percentage, which can lead to other complications. Combining exercise and diet is a non-invasive intervention to improve body composition and prevent these complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of Progressive resistance training with garlic supplementation on insulin resistance and fat percentage in overweight young women.
Methods: The study was quasi-experimental and 48 overweight healthy young women with a mean age of 30/2±3/86 years, weight 73/80±7/80 kg, height 164/13±/21 cm, and body mass index of 27/49±3/46 kg/m2 were selected and randomly assigned to one of four groups: Resistance training + Garlic supplementation (RT+S, n=12), Resistance training + Placebo (RT+P, n=12), Supplement Garlic (S, n=12), control (C, n=12). The training program was performed 3 weekly sessions for 8 weeks including 3 exercises for the lower body and 6 exercises for the upper body. Garlic supplement was taken as a tablet (500 mg) in the morning and evening with a meal. Blood samples were taken 48 hours before the start and after the last training session. Intragroup differences were analyzed using the Bonferroni test and intergroup differences were analyzed using a one-way analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that the fat percentage (P<0/001) and insulin resistance (P=0/001) of the subjects were significantly reduced. Also, referring to the Bonferroni post hoc test, it was found that changes in the insulin resistance of RT+S group with RT+P (P=0/013), S (P=0/022), and C (P=0/002) and percentage changes RT+S group fat was significantly different from S group (P=0/015).
Conclusion: Considering the correlation between insulin resistance and body fat percentage, it seems that doing eight weeks of Progressive resistance training with garlic supplementation has beneficial effects on insulin resistance and body fat reduction.