The Effect of Aquatic Exercise on Postural Control and Rang of Motion in Women with Low Back Pain

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1878-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 12th Cong Presentation.pptx 
استادیار دانشگاه هنر
Background and Aim: Low back pain is the most common cause of referral to a physical therapist and is one of the leading causes of disability. Water exercise takes advantage of the unique properties of water that serve to decrease pain while working out. However, although therapeutic aquatic exercise is mentioned in a number of recent low back pain guidelines, there is no systematic review available looking at the effects of this form of treatment. Therefore, this study examined the acute effects of aquatic exercise on pain, and postural control and range of motion in women with low back pain.
Methods: The subjects were 28 female patients who had low back pain aged between 45 and 60. Using sit and reach, the range of motion of lumbar was evaluated. Their postural control was evaluated by one leg balance test. Then the subjects were divided into Experimental (N= 14) and Control groups (N= 14) randomly. The aquatic exercise program was performed by Experimental group three times per week, for 8 weeks; each session was 60 min long. The evaluations were performed before and after the treatment sessions. The control groups did not participate in any training program. The Effects of aquatic exercise were assessed by t test for paired samples. Baseline measurements were compared between groups using the independent t test.

Results: Aquatic exercise program improved significantly range of motion (p=0.001). The ability of patients in controlling of balance on one leg open eyes (preferred foot: p= 0.001) was significantly improved after water exercise program.
Conclusion: Aquatic exercise appears to be a safe and effective treatment modality for patients who are suffering from low back pain. It allows those with low back pain to participate in this crucial way of staying healthy.