the effect of observation on children’s mental rotation ability and other indicators of motor ability.
Poster Presentation XML
تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی گروه رفتارحرکتی،دانشکده علوم انسانی،دانسگاه بوعلی سینا،همدان ،ایران
abstract: (350)
Objectives: The Cognitive abilities of the neural processes involved in the acquisition, is considered
processing and storage of information. Researchers believe that training and practicing motor skills is an important part of the cognitive development cycle of children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to investigate that how much observational exercises are effective in improving children's mental rotational ability. (80)
materials and methods:
The research samples included 64 primary school girls who were randomly divided into observation and control groups. Subjects participated in a three-step process. First, for all 4 groups, the online mental rotation test for children and also the researcher-made motor skills test were performed. After that, the acquisition phase, which included 14 45-minute training sessions over 7 weeks, was performed.
At this stage, each of the subjects in the observation group performed one of the physical exercise (live observation). The control group did not have any exercise (neither observation nor physical exercise) at this stage. Two hours after the end of the acquisition phase, post-test was taken from all four groups. Data analysis was performed using subjects, analysis of variance with repeated measures (Repeated Measures ANOVA) and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) at a significant level of p <0.05. (145)
The results showed that the main effects of the group as well as the interactive effect of the group and the stage, were statistically significant. Further studies showed that the observation group performed better at post-test in both of mental rotation and gymnastics skills, than pre-test. (49)
Therefore, it can be concluded that the sensory and movement experience resulting from physical exercise, is effective in solving the problem of mental rotation and physical awareness of individuals, and when physical exercise is combined with observational exercise, it has a strong cognitive dimension of observation and common nerve areas. Observation and mental rotation lead to greater impact on people. (61)