Does physical activity associate with maternal outcomes of pregnant women with Confirmed COVID-19?
Paper ID : 1792-12THCONG
علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بحنورد، بجنورد، ایران
Aims: The outbreak of novel coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) has been declared as a public health emergency. Due to the high prevalence of disease, pregnant women are at high-risk population. Due to the necessity of the subject, this study investigated the consequences of Covid-19 pneumonia in pregnant women and the role of physical activity on their health. Materials and methods: This descriptive review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. For the following review, a systematic search was undertaken across PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Science Direct and Web of Science. Results: A total of 38 studies out of 425 search results were selected for inclusion in this review. 252 pregnant women with Covid-19 were studied. All mothers were between 21-44 years. 197 cases had C-section and 49 cases had vaginal delivery. Eight mother deaths were also reported. It is reported that during the COVID-19 quarantine, pregnant women showed a reduction in physical activity by 64%. Obstetrics and Gynecology guidelines and studies recommend that all pregnant women without medical obstruction should be active during pregnancy. It is suggested at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week. Activities such as aerobic exercises, resistance training, yoga, stretching exercise and pelvic floor muscle strengthening exercises are effective. Conclusion: Current data show a risk of short-term and long-term consequences of Covid-19 disease on mother during pregnancy. Therefore, physical activity recommendation is an effective way to prevent and improve the mother's immune system. Further studies are needed to elucidate the role and effect of physical activity on the treatment of Covid-19 disease during pregnancy.