The effect of training representative tasks on Mental Processes of Anticipation and Decision- making skills
Paper ID : 1712-12THCONG
1Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2Faculty of Sport Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran. Iran
3Faculty of Sport Sciences, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
The role of cognition in the anticipation and decision-making process has long been studied and important contribution in this area achieved to identify key mental mechanisms such as: monitoring, evaluating, predicting and planning statements. Therefore, in a semi-experimental study and pre-posttest design, the effect of representative tasks on two anticipation and decision- making skills in the laboratory environment was investigated. Fifty-eight participants with mean age 22. 30 ± 3.08 selected based on inclusion criteria and purposefully in five groups (cognitive, cognitive-motor, motor, skilled and control). A video-based temporal occlusion test was used to ﬁrst assess the anticipatory and decision making skills which categorized as: monitoring, evaluating events, predicting future events, and planning future actions. Cognitive and cognitive-motor groups experienced 8 session training in lab atmosphere, and then all groups accomplished a post-test. Furthermore, accuracy and quality of anticipation and decision-making was recorded during verbal reports. The frequency of correct tactical responses was calculated and evaluated for each statement type. Data were conducted using analysis of covariance in SPSS21. A significance level of P<0.05) was adopted. The results showed that the effect of group on planning statement for decision making was significant (F (53, 4)) = 3.68, P = 0.011, eta coefficient 0.23) however, the group effect on monitoring, evaluation and prediction statements did not reach to significant level (P>0.05). Bonferroni-corrected pairwise comparisons showed that, the skilled group had high values in planning statement compared to the cognitive group (P<0.05). Overall, it seems that, athletes (skilled) appear to be better able to plan and make decisions than non-athletes, because of their experience in the field.