The Explanation of the Role of Social Capital in the Relationship between Sport Participation and Self-Efficacy of Physicallly Disabled in Shahrekord
Paper ID : 1694-12THCONG
1Msc Student in Sport Management, Shahrekord University
2Sport Sciences Department, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
The purpose of the present study was to explain the role of social capital in the relationship between sport participation and self-efficacy of physically disabled persons in Shahrekord. This research was a survey, and questionnaire used for data collection. The statistical population of this study was physically disabled people in Shahrekord (Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, Southwest of Iran) in 2019. In this study, using the Cochran formula at the 5% error level, 228 male persons with an average age of 28.65 ± 9.71 were selected from 2139 physically disabled people, in a simple random sampling method. Self-efficacy was measured by using Self-efficacy General Inventory Questionnaire (Schwartz & Jerosalem, 1995), which was a 22–item. also, a researcher–made questionnaire used for participation in sports activities. The questionnaire had four items that measured the rate of participation in sports activities according to minutes per week. social capital was measured by using Onyx and Bullen’s (2000) Social Capital Questionnaire with eight subscales (Living Value, Community Participation, Activity Leadership, Social relationships, trust and security, communicating with neighbors, communicating with friends and family, the power to tolerate differences, job interactions). Structural equation modeling with partial least squares approach and PLS software was used to analyze the data in two parts of measurement model and structural part. The results showed that participation in sport activities had a direct and significant effect on self-efficacy (β = 0.448, t = 4.93) and participation in sport activities had a direct and significant effect on social capital (β = 0.165, t = 2.26). There was a direct and significant relationship between motor (β = 0.165, t = 2.226). also self-efficacy had a direct and significant effect on social capital (β = 0.223, t = 2.55). As a result, Welfare Department officials should consider the self-efficacy of people with disabilities in achieving their athletic progress in formulating an sport programs so that can be said that efforts to strengthen the social capital of physical disabled people can be a valuable strategy to expand participation in their sports.