Inadequacy of the Competency Motivation Theory in Explaining the Factors and Barriers in sport participation
Paper ID : 1669-12THCONG
1Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Itan
2Faculty of Sport Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran. Iran
3Sport Sciences Research Institute
The purpose of this study was to test the inadequacy of the Competence Motivation Theory (Harter, 1988) in explaining the factors and barriers in sport participation among adolescents in Tehran. The participants included females (N=471) and males (N=342) between the ages of 14 and 17 (M=15/4) from eighteen high schools at three, five, six, seven and thirteen Tehran educational zones; they completed validated questionnaires to assess feedback and reinforcement, task and ego orientation in sport, perceived competence, sports emotion, sports motivation, as well as exercise motivations inventory-2. Descriptive statistics (measures of central tendency, index of dispersion and tables for describing each of the variables) and inferential statistics (structural equation modeling (SEM), Bootstrap analysis, Mardia multivariate test) were used for data analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated lack-of-fit for the Harter’s competence motivation model due to the structural equation modeling. Furthermore, the results of this study showed that there is not a significant assumption between the variables of feedback and reinforcement and also motivational orientations with perceived competence at 95% confidence level, which means that the motivational orientations and feedback and reinforcement that participants receive from their parents, educators and peers do not increase their perceived competence. While the results of Harter’s competence motivation model emphasized that feedback and reinforcement given by the parents, coaches, and peers among adolescents who were participated in this study seem crucial to motivate physical education, physical activity engagement, and sports participation, and also perceived competence was one of the most significant variables to make participants encouraged participating in physical activity.