Effects of pelvic rocking exercise on patterns of physical activity and quality of life among low back pain women during pregnancy

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1624-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1624-12THCONG.JPG 
1Phd student Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, kish, Iran.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Sciences, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, kish, Iran.
Low back pain (LBP) and pelvic girdle pain (PGP) with onset during pregnancy are commonly described by women from different parts of the world. Although pregnancy is a physiological factor, but this process may have potentially damaging effects. Almost all pregnant women suffer from musculoskeletal disorders such as low back pain, and at least 25% of them have some degree of functional disability and subsequently a decline in quality of life. These factors increase the cost of health care. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a periodic pelvic rocking exercise program on back pain, quality of life and physical activity pattern and in 28 to 32 weeks' pregnant women.
To investigate the efficacy of pelvic rocking exercise on pregnant women with LBP, 40 women )20-35) years old experiencing LBP for the first time during pregnancy with normal pregnancy without any underlying disease were examined in Kish Island. They were divided into two groups interventions (n = 20) and control (n = 20). The pelvic rocking exercise program was performed at home for forth weeks (three sessions per week) and during this period, the control group did not perform any practice. To collect data, visual analogue scale (VAS), physical activity pattern questionnaire for pregnant women (PPAQ) and quality of life questionnaire (SF-36) were used. Independent t-test was used to analyze the differences between groups and also in the pre- and post-training phase (p≥0.05).
The pelvic rocking exercise program had a significant effect on low back pain (P= 0.001; F=14.69), physical activity pattern (P=0.001; F=16.91), and quality of life (P=0.006; F=8.661) during pregnancy.
The results of the present study showed that pelvic rocking exercise had a significant effect on improving low back pain, physical activity pattern and quality of life for pregnant women.