Evaluation of upper and lower musculoskeletal abnormalities in middle-aged women in Ardabil city after performing water aerobic exercise

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1618-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: sample_template_en_1.pptx 
1Master of Sport Pathology and Corrective exercise, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Karaj Azad University, Alborz Branch, Iran (Corresponding Author) m.ezzati1225@gmail.com
2phd in Sport Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
3Master of Strategic Management in Sport, Payame Noor University, Garmsar Branch, Iran
4Expert in Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Azad University, Ardabil Branch, Iran
Awareness and understanding of body deformities is the first step in correcting these abnormalities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the upper and lower musculoskeletal disorders in middle-aged women in Ardabil city following performing aerobic exercise in water condition.
M56 middle-aged women with at least one musculoskeletal disorder in upper and lower body in Ardabil city were selected by available purposive sampling. They were then randomly divided into control (n = 28) and water aerobic training (n = 28) groups. The aerobic exercise group performed three aerobic exercise sessions for 60 minutes each week for 6 months on a regular basis. Independent t-test was used for analysis of between-group differences and paired t-test was used to examine within-group differences. Data were analyzed by SPSS software at the significant level of 0.05.
The results showed that after regular aerobic exercise in the water, the angles of head forward (p = 0.03), uneven shoulders (P = 0.04), inward rotated shoulder (p = 0.041), scoliosis (p = 0.048) and dimples of venus anomalies (p = 0.046) in the aerobic exercise group in the water compared to the control and pre-test groups showed a significant improvement. Angles of wry neck (p = 0.34), flat waist (p = 0.54), flexion deformity of the knee (p = 0.39) and external leg rotation (p = 0.53) despite improvements Slight but not statistically significant. Also, the angles of asymmetric pelvic, genu varum, genu valgum, and inward-rotating leg abnormalities did not show any significant difference in the aerobic exercise group compared to the control and pre-test groups (p ≥0.05).
Based on the results of this study and the research literature in this field, it can be concluded that regular water aerobic exercise has more significant effect on upper body anomalies than lower body anomalies. The action mechanism of this effect can be related to the muscle and bone mass involved in the abnormal area.