Response of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and aspartate aminotransferase enzymes to TRX training and curcumin supplementation in young athlete girls
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Paper ID : 1612-12THCONG
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Department of Sport Sciences, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
Liver enzymes damage occurs as a result of activity and according to the intensity and type of exercise that can cause severe damage to other organs of the body.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the interactive effect of whole-body resistance training (TRX) and curcumin intake on liver enzymes in young athlete girls.
This study was quasi-experimental. The statistical population of the study included female athletic students of the University of Sistan and Baluchestan in the age range of 18-25 years. Thirty-six individuals were selected as the sample and randomly divided into three groups (N=12). These groups included "Exercise + Curcumin" (BMI= 22.8 ± 0.45 kg / m2), "Exercise + placebo" (BMI= 22.1 ± 0.66 kg / m2) and "curcumin" (BMI= 22.7 ± 0.43 kg / m 2). The TRX training protocol consisted of 6 weeks of training, three sessions per week. Each session consisted of 8 movements. The rest between movements was one minute, and the rest between each exercise round was 3 minutes. Curcumin capsules (500 mg) were taken every day after lunch. Serum concentrations of liver enzymes were measured before and after the study.
The levels of ALT and AST enzymes were significantly decreased compared to the pre-test in the "Exercise + Curcumin" (P = 0.010, P = 0.003) and "Exercise + Placebo" (P = 0.024, P = 0.023) groups. Also, ALP decreased in the "Exercise + Curcumin" group compared to the pre-test (P = 0.021). Statistical analysis showed a significant decrease in ALT and AST enzymes in the "exercise + curcumin" (P = 0.007 and P = 0.09) and the "exercise + placebo" groups (P = 0.027, P = 0.018) compared to the Curcumin group at the end of the sixth week.
The results of this study showed that whole-body resistance training and curcumin supplementation had the most significant effect on decreasing liver enzymes in young athletic girls.