Self-efficacy prediction based on mindfulness in sport
Poster Presentation XML
University of Bojnord
Mindfulness is defined as aroused attentive state and awareness of what is happening in the present moment. It refers to the enhanced attention and awareness of immediate experiences characterized by openness and non-judgmental acceptance of the ongoing experiences in the present moment. Mindfulness is associated with many aspects of mental health and psychological well-being, as well as psychological factors, which are subsequently related to emotional regulation, mitigated anxiety and concentration on thoughts. The present study addresses the self-efficacy of athletes based on the components of mindfulness.
The population of the present study consisted of athlete students in the city of Bojnord city, out of which a sample of n=80 with a mean age of 21.1 (SD = 7.1) was selected using available sampling method. To evaluate mindfulness, the Persian standardized version of athlete mindfulness checklist of Thienot et al (2014) was used. The athlete mindfulness checklist is comprised of 15 items, which are divided into three subscales of awareness, non-judgment, and re-focusing. Moreover, for the evaluation of self-efficacy, Shere et al (1982) self-efficacy questionnaire was used which consisted of two subscales of general and specific self-efficacy. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation test and regression were used for statistical analysis of the findings.
There was a significant positive relationship between mindfulness components and self-efficacy of athlete students (p <0/001) so that awareness demonstrated the most significant correlation (r = 0.35, p = 0.001) with positive self-efficacy beliefs of students, followed by the re-focusing (r = 0.21, P = 0.001) and non-judgment (r = 0.14, p=0.001). In regard to the prediction of self-efficacy through mindfulness components, the findings revealed that 0.45% of self-efficacy variance was explained by components of non-judgment, re-focusing and awareness (p <0.01, f = 255/17)
The findings suggested that the components of mindfulness in athletes were a powerful predictor of self-efficacy. Considering the positive effects of athletes' self-efficacy on other factors such as communication and environmental dominance shown in other studies it is expected that psychological well-being can be improved by promoting the components of mindfulness.