The Relationship between Self-Efficacy and General Health in Athletes and Non-Athletes

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1558-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 
1ma of motor behavior
2student physical education university of shahid madani azarbayjan
3associate professor motor behavior university of shahid madani azarbayjan
4Member of scientific Board
Providing and maintaining health is one of the supreme goals of human being and for achieving this, all countries are devoting a considerable part of their material and spiritual resources. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and general health among athletes and non-athletes.
This is a descriptive-correlational research and done in natural conditions and the researcher refused to do any manipulation or control. The statistical population were students of college of Educational Science and Psychology, Shahid Madani Azarbayjan University in the range of 18-22 years old and 360 students were randomly selected and assigned to two groups of athletes and non-athletes. Data were collected with Self-Efficacy Scale (SELQ) containing 10 components with four degrees of Likert ranging from one to four and a General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) containing 28 components with four degrees of Likert and they were analyzed with Pearson and independent t-tests.
Results of the present study showed that athletic students had better self-efficacy and general health comparing to non-athlete students and there was a significant relationship between self-efficacy and general health in students. Also, this relationship reported a significant difference between athlete and non-athlete students which was in favor of the athletic students (Significance level 0.05).
The present study showed that the self-efficacy is highly correlated with general health and it is stronger in athletes than in non-athletes. The results of this study can be justified by the fact that self-efficacy (judging one's abilities) is a variation of physical states which is also influenced by one's emotional state and overall quality and health of his/her life. In other words, high quality of life with physical and mental health results in stronger self-efficacy feelings.