The Effects of Various Exercise-Based Interventions on Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain: A Systemic Review on English Studies
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Authors
1Ph. D. Student in sport injury and corrective exercises, Department of Sport Science, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Kish, Iran.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Health & Sport Rehabilitation, Faculty of Sport Science & Health, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran.
3Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract
Chronic low back pain is one of the most common and costly musculoskeletal disorders in societies that has been suggested for many therapeutic modalities. Exercise therapy is one of the most widely used methods in the control and treatment of chronic low back pain. The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic review of English-language studies that have investigated the effect of different exercise methods on some of the negative factors associated with nonspecific chronic low back pain.
A literature search for the period of 2008 to 2019 was performed, using from of google scholar, Since Direct, PubMed, and PsycINFO using databases. key words related to Chronic non-specific low back pain, core stability exercises, Pilates. Studies investigating the effect of different methods of exercise therapy on pain relief and disability in patients with chronic low back pain were included. PEDro scale was used to check the quality of articles.
Out of 48 articles, 10 articles with 668 subjects met the inclusion criteria. These studies have mainly focused on the effect of core stability and Pilates exercises on the variables of pain, functional disability in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. In this study, the positive effect of stability exercises and Pilates was documented.
It seems that core stability and Pilates training methods are effective intervention in the rehabilitation of nonspecific chronic low back pain. Specifically, multifidus, diaphragm, pelvic floor and transverse abdomen can have a positive effect on the treatment of this disease.
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