Comparison of Dynamic Balance in Greco-Roman and Freestyle Elite Wrestlers

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1510-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: Slide1.JPG 
1Faculty of sport science and health, shahid beheshti university
2Faculty of sport Science and Health, Shahid Beheshti University
3Faculty of sport sciences and Health, Shahid Beheshti University
Wrestling includes a variety of functional properties such as muscular strength, flexibility, neuromuscular coordination, and static and dynamic balance. Previous Studies have been reported anthropometric characteristics and fitness factors differ between freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestlers, but there is limited data on the differences in balance between the two wrestler styles. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the dynamic balance of elite freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestlers.Method: Forty-two elite wrestlers (21 freestyle and 21 Greco-Roman) who participated in the Tehran Wrestling super League (Age=20.1±4.1, Height=174.6±6.4 Body fat percent=13.8±6.3) participated in this study. For measuring dynamic balance, unilateral stance with eyes open; over a period of 20s by Biodex Balance system (Biodex Inc, Shirley, USA) was used. Stability levels were changed from level 8 (medium stability) to level 2 (low stability). Medial–lateral stability index, anterior–posterior stability index and overall stability index were measured for both legs.
Independent t-test showed there was no significant difference in overall stability index for right leg (T=0.35, P=0.72) and left leg (T=0.14, P=0.78), medial–lateral for right leg (T=0.99, P=0.32) and left leg (T=0.38, P=0.70), anterior-posterior for right leg (T=0.01, P=0.98) and left leg (T=0.04, P=0.96) between freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestlers.
Our results showed there was no significant difference in dynamic balance between freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestlers. An explanation of this finding could be that measuring of dynamic balance by Biodex system is not functional for wrestlers. The results of the study could be beneficial for the prevention of injury to the athletes and could be applied to training management.