Inversion of the age Pyramid in Iran and the integrated application of Yoga and Positive Psychology to increase mental and physical health in the middle-aged and the elderly cases (Case study)
Paper ID : 1507-12THCONG
1- Counselor/Aram-E-Andishe - Teacher and Coach of Yoga
2Faculty member of Nuclear Science &Technology Research Institute
3Coach of Yoga
Nowadays, the management of some efficient plans relating to mental and physical improvement for the middle-aged and the elderly is essential, owing to the Inversion of the age Pyramid. The percentage of middle-aged people through the total population of the country has reached 44.8%, according to the 1395 census. Furthermore, we have the third-highest rate of aging in the world. The population of our country in 1410 will reach more than 20 percent that means it our elderly population decrement. We are going to the oldest country in the region, with the number of people over 60, which is around 30 million. Every 10 families will have seven elders over 60 in the next 10 years. According to statistics, forty percent of hospitalized patients are elders. The above mentioned statistics warn us for planning some update and effective programs to care for middle-aged and older adults, based on substantial negative factors such as social-economic issues, various physical and mental illnesses, the loneliness feeling of old individuals, and so far. Based on given available evidence and experience, yoga is one of the most popular programs that can apply to gain the goals mentioned above. Yoga is one of the well-known disciplines that have great potential in both fields of psyche and body, due to the excellent results of its activities. Due to its high flexibility, Yoga is capable of modification and integration. The flexibility mentioned is tailored to the individual's needs, consistent with positive psychology (2nd wave) and cultural needs to meet the needs of the nation's elderly and elderly population. The cases of the current study contain six patients between 45 and 83 years (both genders) who have different illnesses consist of cancer, MS, heart disease, diabetes, recurrent surgery, and Parkinson's. Besides, it was a qualitative case study, which conducted asymmetrically. Obtained results are the assessment of the therapist and the patient's self-reports. The reports of observes are also illustrating the meaningful and significant decrease in their physical and psychological issues.