Effect of a Exercising course in Water on Balance and Strength of ankle plantar flexor of Cerebral Palsy Girls

Oral Presentation
Paper ID : 1477-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1477-12THCONG.mp4 
1Department of Sport Pathology and Corrective Movements, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Raja University, Qazvin, Iran.
2Department of Physical Education, Amir Kabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
3Department of Sport Pathology and Corrective Movements, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Balance skills are an important part of the large motor function of people with cerebral palsy. Studies show that balance deficits lead to Functional problems tasks and daily activities. Its improvement has become an important issue in rehabilitation and most interventions focus on this issue. In research on the effects of exercise, there are usually four characteristics of exercise including type, duration, intensity, and number of training sessions are most changed and adjusted. The type of exercise that is least addressed this research has been considered to study water exercise in people with cerebral palsy. The purpose of this research is to investigate effect of a exercising course in water on cerebral palsy girls’ balance and strength of ankle plantar flexor. In this study between Intervention type and semi-experimental type,20 CP girls with cerebral palsy in gross motor function classes I-II were chosen and they were divided into two groups of control and experimental. The control group just continued the everyday activities and the experimental group did a practice schedule in water for 8 weeks and every week 3 sessions and every session 40 minutes plus doing the everyday activities. Strength test was measured by manual dynamometer, balance was measured by Trunk Control Test (TCT), and with statistical test Covariance were analyzed by SPSS software v.22.
The research result show that a meaningful difference was found between the pre-test and post-test of experimental group in strength and balance. The increase in strength muscles can be improve in the neuromuscular compatibility and water viscosity due to effect of practice schedule in water showed that resistance and balanced trainings in water increase the muscle strength and balance of girl’s with CP. This power could be partly due to increase in muscle volume.