Adolescent Females' Physical Self-concept is Associated with Physical Activity and Parental Education level

Oral Presentation
Paper ID : 1459-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1459-12THCONG.mp4 
1PhD student of motor behavior, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Imam Hussein University, Tehran
3Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran
4Research Deputy, Sport Science Research Institute
Physical self-concept is the perception and attitude of one's own body that is shaped by various social, cognitive, and behavioral processes that are important in adolescence, especially for females. The purpose of this study was to describe and explain the physical self-concept of adolescent females through the variables of physical activity and socioeconomic status of the family.
A number of 1063 athlete and non-athlete students (710 non-athletes and 350 athletes), aged from 13 to 16, were randomly selected from different regions of Tehran. Short-Form of Physical Self- Description Questionnaire (SFPSDQ) and Social-Economic-Status information were filled out by participants.
The results of univariate analysis showed that athlete females’ physical self-concept are significantly higher than non-athlete females. (P>0.000; F= (137.36; df=1)). Also, multivariate linear regression analysis reveals that among the variables predicting physical activity and socioeconomic status, physical activity (athlete compared to non-athlete coefficient = 15.4, P <0.0001), mother’s level of education (diploma compared to sub-diploma coefficient = 3.28, P = 0.049 and MS and PhD degree compared to sub diploma = 7.15, P <0.04), and father's level of education (coefficient of MS and PhD degree compared to sub-diploma = -5.6, P = 0.05) had a significant statistical relationship with physical self-concept. According to the results of this study, physical self-concept of adolescent females was positively related to physical activity and high level of education of mothers.
According to the results, it can be concluded that physical self-concept is related to physical activity and mother's education level of female students and participation in physical activity improves physical self-concept. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the level of students’ participation in physical activity to enhance physical self-concept.