Effect of Continuous and Interval Training on Levels of Asprosin, Lipid Profile, Glucose and Insulin Resistance in Rats with Metabolic Syndrome
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Authors
1Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran
3Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
4Member of Physical Education Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Abstract
Effect of Continuous and Interval Training on Levels of Asprosin, Lipid Profile, Glucose and Insulin Resistance in Rats with Metabolic Syndrome
The clinical function of the new adipokine, known as asprosin that secreted by white adipose, is currently unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of continuous and interval swimming training on the asprosin, lipid profile, glucose concentration and insulin resistance serum levels of rats with metabolic syndrome.
Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups, standard diet (SD) and high-fat diet (HD), and received their respective diets for a period of 12 weeks without exercise stimuli. After this period, the animals were randomly divided into four groups (n=8); normal control standard diet (NC), control (Ctr), continuous training (CT) and interval training (IT). The continuous and interval training consisted of a swimming exercise performed over eight weeks.
The results of the present study showed that serum level of asprosin significantly decreased underlying CT (P=0.0001) and IT (P=0.02) compared to NC (P=0.0001) and Ctr groups (P=0.0001). No significant difference were observed between trained groups (P>0.05). The results also demonstrated that the NC and trained groups showed lower values of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and glucose concentration compared to Ctr group (P=0.02, 0.01, 0.0001, 0.01, 0.0001). There was no significant different in level of HDL-C between intervention groups (P>0.05).
It seems that both swimming training methodologies are shown to be effective in the serum levels of asprosin, lipid profile and glucose concentration in metabolic syndrome rats.
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