Effectiveness of Three Dimensional Approach of Schroth Method on Cobb's Angle in 4-curve thoracolumbar Scoliosis

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1415-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1415_12THCONG.jpg 
1Msc of Sport injuries and Corrective Exercises, faculty of sport science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2Phd Student, Corrective Exercises, University Of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Isfahan University Isfahan Iran
Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity in the spine that included lateral curvature and vertebra rotation. therefore to correction of this deformity we need a comprehensive exercise method. Schroth method is a three dimensional approach that focuses on derotation, elongation and breathing and in this way improves the trunk shape and the respiratory ability. schroth scoliosis-specific exercises have demonstrated promising results in reducing the angles of idiopathic scoliosis, but in Iran there is limited research in this area. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the schroth exercise on the Cobb's angle in idiopathic scoliosis.

two girl patients with 4-cruve thoracolumbar scoliosis were included in this study (mean & standard deviation, age 18 ± 4.2 years). The scoliosis apex arc was measured by Cobb's Angle method before and after the schroth exercises with radiographic images. The schroth exercise was performed one time a week under supervision of researchers and during weeks at home for five months. The data were report by descriptive statistics.

the Cobb's angle before (42.5 ± 3.5) and after (30.5 ± 0.7), schroth exercises meanly 12 degrees decreased. the results show that the five months of schroth exercises had effectiveness in decreasing the Cobb's angle.

The results of this study can be concluded that schroth exercise cause improved scoliosis apex arc in thoracolumbar 4-curve scoliosis. So it can be a good non-surgical method to improve the idiopathic scoliosis and recommended for improve the postural alignment and decreased the Cobb's angle in idiopathic scoliosis.