The Relationship between Physical Activity and BMI and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients in Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran
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1Exercise Physiology, Physical Education, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
2Faculty of physical education and sport sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
3Physical education Department, Rasam higher education institute, Karaj, Iran
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Since the survival rate of patients is long, evaluation the quality of life and its associated factors in these patients is essential. Adverse health outcomes are often seen in breast cancer survivors due to prolonged treatment with side effects such as lack of physical strength. Physical activity has been proposed as an adequate intervention for women with breast cancer. Physical activity improves quality of life after a breast cancer diagnosis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the Relationship between Physical Activity and BMI and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients who referred to Imam Khomeini hospital in Tehran.
In this cross-sectional study, 220 breast cancer patients who referred to hospital were selected. Data gathering devices were questionnaires, stadiometer and scale. Questionnaires were included Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), The standard questionnaire of cancer patients’ life quality (QLQ-C30) and specific standard questionnaire of life quality of patients with breast cancer (QLQ-BR23). The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS 22 software and statistical tests of analysis of variance and regression.
Data analysis indicated that the quality of life in patients under treatment for breast cancer and the levels of physical activity were poor. Other findings of this study showed a significant relationship between physical activity and body mass index (BMI) of patients (P <0.05). The findings of this study also confirmed a significant relationship between physical activity and the quality of life of these patients (P<0.05).
The results indicated that the level of physical activity at different levels of BMI was different. The highest mean score of physical activity was found among those with BMI between 30 and 34.9 and the lowest mean BMI was less than 18.5. The findings of this study also showed that patients with active life style have a better quality of life than sedentary patients, so it should be applied special interventions to these patients at this time. In general, Breast cancer patients should be followed up for their quality of life and provided effective therapy for their physical problems.