Comparison of Three Hydrotherapy Protocols on Disability and Pain Intensity in Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain
Paper ID : 1333-12THCONG
1MSc in Corrective Exercises and Sports Injuries, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, azad University of Takestan, Takestan, Iran
2Assisstance Professor In Physical Education And Sport Science, Islamic Azad University Of Takestan, Takestan, Iran
Hydrotherapy has grown dramatically due to its therapeutic benefits in the last two decades . Chronic low back pain is one of the most common reasons for referral to orthopedic and physiotherapy clinics, physicians' response and recommendation to clients is often the use of pool and water therapy. The statistical population consisted of all adults patients with chronic low back pain due to Lumbar disc herniation. 40 adult males aged 20 to 40 years were randomly divided into 4 groups. Group 1: Water Floating with Floating Exercise Group, Group 2 Water Walking Group, Group 3 Floating Vertical Deep Pool Noodle with Simulated Extension and Flexion Exercises (McKenzie & Williams) and finally Group 4 The control group. Subjects had low back pain in the past three months . Pain Intensity of chronic low back pain was assessed by VAS test and the disability scale of the patients using the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire. Experimental groups receive a water training program for 6 weeks and 4 sessions of 45-60 minutes per week. Statistical analysis of covariance was used at the significant level of 0.05. The findings showed that the effectiveness of Group 3 exercise protocol, ie, simulated extension and flexion exercises (McKenzie and Williams), is effective in reducing the Intensity of pain and disability in patients with chronic low back pain. Also, Exercise 1 protocol, water float group and floating exercises can be effective in reducing the Intensity of pain in chronic low back pain. It seems that using selected exercises in water can be effective in reducing pain Intensity and disability in adults.