Frequency, Causes, and Sources of Information on Dietary Supplements in Athletes in Ardabil City Fitness Clubs
Paper ID : 1309-12THCONG
Physical Education and Sports Sciences University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
sports nutritional supplements - a substance used to meet the athlete's natural and nutritional needs or to compensate for some of the athlete's body nutrients such as iron, liquids, vitamins, and so on. The athlete also improves and increases one's ability to perform or perform the skill. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of dietary supplements and other factors affecting dietary supplements in athletes in Ardabil. In this cross-sectional study, 10 clubs were randomly selected from about 85 registered bodybuilding clubs in Ardabil in 1398. The researcher-made questionnaire, whose validity was confirmed, was completed by the athletes. The questionnaire consisted of 4 parts: contextual questions, some questions about dietary supplements records, viewpoints and reasons of supplement use by users. Independent t-test and chi-square were used to compare the means and percentages. Logistic regression test was used to analyze the relationship between the underlying variables of supplement use. For this purpose, 120 athletes from different sports were included in the study. At the time of the study, 52% of athletes consumed at least one supplement and 18% had a history of dietary supplements. The most common supplements were creatine, protein and multivitamin supplements. Providing nutritional needs was the main reason for taking supplements. Sixty percent of the respondents considered the trainers the best source of information about supplements. Most of these athletes referred to the pharmacy as the center of their needed supplements and more dietary intake was observed in areas with higher socioeconomic status. They were dedicated to themselves. The findings of these studies indicate a high prevalence of dietary supplements in athletes. Since a significant percentage of athletes, especially men, have a history of dietary supplementation, it is necessary to provide athletes with up-to-date training on the symptoms and side effects of these supplements.