The effect of Football Play Practice on Some Motor Skills of Children with Educable Autism
Poster Presentation XML
12. Assistant professor. Department of Biomechanics sport. University of Tabriz. Tabriz. Iran.
2MSc Motor Behavior. Department of Human Motor Behavior. University of Tabriz. Tabriz. Iran.
Autism spectrum disorder is one of the developmental disabilities that affect a significant population of people in the community. The aim of this study was to study the effect of playing soccer practice on improving agility, coordination and reaction time of children with autism.
This study was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design. The research population includes all children with autism who were previously diagnosed with autism according to a pediatric psychiatrist and according to the diagnostic criteria of the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders (American Psychiatric Association). Among them, according to Morgan's table, 20 children aged 8-12 years old referred to the Ahya Clinic of Rehabilitation Psychology were randomly assigned into two groups of experimental (n = 10) and control (n = 10). The experimental group participated in a six-week training program (three sessions per week) and each session lasted for 45 minutes. For data collection, 4 x 9 runs were used to measure agility, ruler test to measure reaction time, and ball to wall test to measure coordination. Finally, paired t-test was used to compare within-group differences and independent t-test was used to compare the differences between groups at the significant level of 0.05 and SPSS 18 software.
The results of independent t-test indicate that there was a significant difference in agility (P = 0.003), reaction time (P = 0.025) and coordination (P = 0.001) between the experimental and control groups. Paired t-test results indicate that there was a significant difference in agility (P = 0.0001), reaction time (P = 0.0001) and coordination (P = 0.011) in the experimental group.
According to the findings of this study, it seems that football play can be a useful method for rehabilitation of children with autism.