Effects of High Intensity Interval Training and Yoga on serum estradiol levels and Sexual function in postpartum women

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1267-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1267-12THCONG.jpg 
1Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
2Sport physiology., Physical Education and Sport Sciences educational group, North khorasan education organization, Bojnourd, Iran
3Medical faculty, North Khorasan University of Medical sciences, Bojnourd, Iran
Sexual function is the most important part of marital relationships which its quality not only affects the individual and family health but also the health of community. One of the risky periods in sexual relationship is the childbirth and lactation, which is affected by various factors. Based on the importance of this issue throughout the life, the present study aimed to determine the effect of eight weeks of high intensity interval training (HIIT) and yoga on the serum of estradiol and sexual function in postpartum women.
This quasi-experimental study was performed on 18 subjects from eligible mothers referred to midwifery clinics who had sexual dysfunction. Adhering to inclusion criteria, they were randomly divided into two groups of control (32.40± 3.40 yr) and experimental group (27.50± 4.50 yr). The experimental group underwent the HIIT and yoga exercises, 3 days per week for eight weeks and control group just received the health recommendation from health care centers. The data were obtained through General Information Questionnaire, Female Sexual Function Scale and Schema Questionnaire, as well as serum estradiol hormone level in the control and experimental groups. The data were analyzed by SPSS software using independent t-test and covariance analysis.
Results showed that eight weeks of HIIT and yoga exercises increased serum estradiol levels in postpartum women (p = 0.004). Eight weeks of combined exercises increased postpartum sexual function in women (p = 0.012). But the results could not show a significant statistical difference between the control and experimental groups in the sexual schema variable (p = 0.612).
The results of this study supported the effects of combined exercises on serum estradiol levels and sexual function changes after childbirth. In addition, the kind of the exercise may have been to promote improvements in sexual function.