The effect of playing in an organized and unorganized environment on IQ of preschool children

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1250-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1250-12THCONG.pptx 
1Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
2Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
Play recognizes and develops children's talents and creativity and enhances motor, social, emotional, and so on. Piaget believed that the child had the opportunity to try new behaviors through play, which would not be replaced in the real world. When behavior is tested through play, they become part of memory. According to this theory, children understand reality through their own experiences and interaction with the environment. Therefore, the environment of the child plays an important role in the development of the child.
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of playing in an organized and unorganized environment on IQ of preschool children.
The present study was a comparative study and its statistical population was children 4-6 years old in Tabriz. According to the purpose of the study, two groups were structured in terms of play environment, including the first group in play in unorganized natural environment and the second group in play organized kindergarten which were selected by purposeful sampling from each group. Research participants had been active in their different play environments for at least 3 months. Godinoff test was used to measure IQ. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 22) at the significant level of 0.05.
Results showed that outdoor activity had more positive effect on IQ (P = 0.001) in children.
Outdoor, due to the dynamics of the environment and possessing various tools and richest stimuli, during the childhood it meets the cognitive and motor developmental needs of children. Therefore, due to the importance of how the environment of the child's life environment and activity is structured and its impact on IQ in such an era, attention to it is of paramount importance.