Investigation of the structure difference of two play environments on visual perception of children 4-6 years old

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1245-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1245-12THCONG.pptx 
Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
Playing is one of the most needed stimuli for children and has a huge share of the child's identity and experiences. Early childhood provides a good time for the child to develop and refine a wide range of motor tasks. Playing as a natural and compelling activity improves cognitive, physical, social and emotional development and provides the conditions for children to grow and learn.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the structure of two play environments on visual perception of 4-6 years old children.
The present study was a comparative study and its statistical population was children 4-6 years old in Tabriz. According to the purpose of the study, two groups were structured in terms of play environment including the first group in outdoor play and the second group in indoor kindergarten where 40 people were selected by purposeful sampling from each group. Research participants had been active in their different play environments for at least 3 months. Frostics test was used to assess visual perception. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance in SPSS software (version 22) at the significant level of 0.05.
The results showed that the play in the open environment had a more positive effect on children's visual perception. Among the subscales of visual perception (P=0/0001), eye movement coordination (P=0/0001), context and context (P=0/003), Space (P=0/003), spatial relationships (P=0/004) had a positive effect.
Playing is an important part of the child development process. Exercise, physical activity, and play have a significant impact on cognitive abilities and lead to the development of children in general. Using perception, the person organizes and interprets environmental stimuli. Since the physical, intellectual and cognitive development of the child is most accelerated at an early age, the ability of the child to adapt is superb, and the child's motor experiences at this age are the basis of his or her later knowledge.