The effect of preterm birth on motor development, anxiety and aggression behavior of children 8-10 years

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1220-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1220-12THCONG.jpg 
Sport Medicine Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
Preterm birth and low birth weight are important causes of mortality, developmental disorders and neonatal complications at birth.They are one of the most important factors that can affect development and threatening the health of society. Preterm infants are classified to high risk babies. Medical interventions have only 30% effect at their development. 10-15% of preterm infants suffer from severe neurological disorders including Cerebral palsy and mental retardation and 50% have minor problems, including dysfunction, motor skills, learning problems, hyperactivity and difficulty concentrating. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of early birth on motor development, anxiety and aggression behavior of children 8-10 years.
Children were selected from 10 primary schools in Kermanshah, randomly selected, and according to their vaccine card were divided into two groups, 25 child as preterm (with an average birth weight of 2.31 ± 0.15 and average age of 8.84 ± 0.9) and 25 as full term (with mean birth weight of 3.44 ± 0.16 and average age of 9.24 ± 0.83). The Linklon Oseretsky Motor Development Scale Test was used for motor development assessment, Spence Anxiety Questionnaire for the internal behavior (anxiety) and Nelson's Anger Questionnaire for aggression behavior. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA.
The results showed that there is a significant difference between control group and preterm children in motor development, anxiety and aggression behavior (p<0.05).
Therefore, it can be concluded that early birth is an indicator factor that can negatively influence motor development and behavioral areas. Preterm children have special needs and it is recommended to more support from school and family for these children, such as supervision, guidance and educational interventions.