Exercise and Epilepsy

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1187-12THCONG
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1187-12THCONG.jpg 
1Department of Exercise Physiology, Sports Medicine Research Center, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
2MSc Student, Department of Surgical Technology, Faculty of Paramedicine, Hamedan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran
3MSc Student, Department of Surgical Technology, Faculty of Paramedicine, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases; and people with epilepsy are always concerned about doing sports activities, that most of this fear is due to seizures during exercise, and that restricts their physical activity. Therefore, in this article, we investigate the interplay between exercise and epilepsy.
A systematic review of studies of exercise activities in people with epilepsy, and in particular, studies of individuals with various range of epilepsy with varying degree of epilepsy severity in databases such as PubMed, Elsevier, Science Direct, Pub Get, Research Gate, and studies that were more recent and more relevant to the subject were selected and reviewed.
Sports activities are divided into three categories based on the level of possible risks or even death in cases of epileptic seizures in during exercise: a) low-risk exercise, b) medium-risk exercise, and c) high-risk exercise. Also, when prescribing sports activities to epileptic people consideration should be given to factors such as the type of exercise, the probability of epileptic seizures, the type and severity of seizures, the usual time of seizure, and controlled or uncontrolled epilepsy,
Contrary to previous assumptions, new evidence today suggests that exercise can have benefits for people with epilepsy. These include improving physical and mental health parameters as well as increasing social participation and subsequently reducing stress markers and decreasing epilepsy Activity and seizure. Nowadays, the general consensus is that there should be no restrictions on exercise activities for people with controlled epilepsy, except for some high-risk sports such as swimming or water sports. However, for those with uncontrolled epilepsy, there are more restrictions on exercise.