Impact of social deviations on the use of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) in championship sport
PhD student at Azad University, Central branch
The author focuses his attention first of all on social deviations which play a negative role in highly competitive sport. The use of prohibited performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) is an ongoing problem in contemporary sports. Given the sensitive nature of PEDs use or doping in sport, obtaining reliable information on attitudes to doping may be severely compromised by socially desirable responding. The use of prohibited performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) is not a new issue in sports, and the collective term doping is officially used to denote illegitimate performance enhancement substances and methods among professional and amateur athletes. Despite efforts to detect and control PEDs, research on its etiology is limited, especially among Champion athletes. The present study examines the impact of social deviations on the use of PEDs in championship sport. The Use of PEDs in the Performance of Social Deviations in Championship Sports in 250 athletes (M age = 25 years, SD = 5.89, 30 % females) of Bushehr province were examined. Structured anonymous questionnaires were completed by athletes. Multiple regression and mediation analyses showed that Social Deviations, normative beliefs, situational temptation, and behavioral control significantly predicted the use of PEDs. A normative process was identified whereby situational temptation mediated the effects of normative beliefs on intentions. The findings provide the basis for future social cognition research in doping use, and set the framework for the development of evidence-based preventive interventions. By this token, it is assumed that athletes who already use doping substances will tend to perceive this practice as widespread among their fellow athletes, and therefore self-justify their current behavioral choices.