Comparison of self-awareness and kinesio taping methods on the long-term efficacy of scapular stabilization exercises to improve forward head posture
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Paper ID : 1148-12THCONG
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1Assistant Professor of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Department of Sport Science, Sirjan University of Technology, Kerman, Iran.
2Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Asrar Institute of Higher Education, .Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran
Exercise therapies are common treatment methods for correcting forward head posture (FHP). However, many of these methods have short-term effects. This study aimed to investigate the effect and consistency of interventions of scapular stabilization exercises (SSE) in combination with self-awareness and kinesio taping methods on FHP correction.

Forty-five girl students participants within the age group of 18 to 20 years were recruited according to the selection criteria and were randomly divided into two experimental groups and a control group: self-awareness and SSE group (A group: n=15), kinesio taping and SSE group (B group: n=15) and SSE group (control group: n=15). Before and after a 6-week intervention, and a 4-week follow-up, the craniovertebral angle was measured (CVA) by taking a digital photo from a side view of the subject while standing. SSE for all three groups was provided three times per week, 30 minutes a day for six weeks. On each exercise day, A Group also learned to correct movement patterns and correct upper body positions. Also, B Group received Kinesio Taping to the cervical spine (applied with tension). The tape stayed on the skin for four days and is replaced again after one week. This study used SPSS for data analysis. One-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test were used to compare the main variables of the study between three groups. With Repeated measure ANOVA was used to compare the main variables at three levels before, after and after follow up. The statistical significance level was set at p<0.05.

Between group analysis showed no significant differences between two experimental groups (P>0.05) but significant differences between each experimental groups with the control group (P<0.05). Within group analysis revealed that two methods were both effective in improving FHP (P<0.05). Consistency of interventions was evident in A group after follow up (P>0.05).

self-awareness and kinesio taping with SSE are effective methods in FHP correction but a combination of self-awareness with scapular stabilization exercises method has long-term efficacy to improve FHP.