The effect of rhythmic exercises with music on motor development among educable mentally retarded children
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1MS student in motor behavior, Physical Education and Sport Sciences faculty, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2BS student in Sport Sciences, Physical Education and Sport Sciences faculty, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3Ph.D Student in Motor Behavior, Physical Education and Sport Sciences faculty, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
4Assistant Professor in Motor Behavior, Physical Education and Sport Sciences faculty, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract
Mentally retarded children have physically less ability compared to their normal counterparts. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of rhythmic exercises with music on motor skills of mentally retarded children.

For this purpose, a semi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test design with two experimental and control groups was used. The research sample included 30 students educable mentally retarded children, aged 7-11 years old, experimental group=15 and control group=15. For evaluation of motor development was used to Ulrich (2000) gross motor development test. In order to analyze the data was used the mixed ANOVA (2×2) at the significance level of 0.05 to examine the differences between the two groups in the pre-test and post-test. The training program used in this study consisted of rhythmic exercises (focusing on fundamental motor skills: locomotor and stability motor skills) with rhythmic music.

The results of mixed analysis of variance showed that rhythmic exercise with music (experimental group) had positive and significant effects on motor development (P=.017) among educable mentally retarded children. When the pre and posttest parameters were compared between the groups, an increase was determined in the parameters of motor development. As a result; rhythmic exercises combined with music were found to be effective in motor development among mentally retarded children.

Findings of this study indicate that rhythmic exercises with music have an important effect on the motor development among mentally retarded children. These findings indicate that factors affecting motor development include the specific needs of the motor task in the Interaction with the individual (biological and hereditary factors) and the environment (experience and learning factors) and task (change in task, for example: music). Given these common mechanisms, rhythmic exercises with music may be useful for promoting the motor development and for improving the efficacy motor for individuals with mentally retarded children.
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