Effect of Mirror Therapy on Balance of Chronic Stroke Patients

Poster Presentation
Paper ID : 1102-12THCONG (R1)
Oral / Poster Presentation File: 1102.jpg 
1Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Sport Sciences Department, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
2M.Sc. of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Departmeat of sport sciences, Shahrekord University , Shahrekord, Iran
3Associate Professor of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Departmeat of sport sciences, shaherkord University, Shahrekord, Iran
Stroke is the most commonly disabling neurological disorder in adults, which causes damage to sensory, motor and perceptual systems. The aim of this study was to effect of eight weeks mirror therapy on Balance of stroke patients in chronic stage.
The statistical population included chronic stroke patients referring to Tabassom stroke rehabilitation clinic in Tehran. The sample consisted of 30 chronic patients with inclusion criteria who participated in the study with their consent and volunteering. The Samples were randomly divided into experimental and control of mirror therapy. Both groups participated in the pre-test and intermediate test, which was performed after four weeks and post-test of Berg Balance Scale (BBS) after eight weeks. The training program of two groups was the same and included eight weeks each week, two sessions each session 90 minutes Consist 60 minutes of normal rehabilitation and 30 minutes of training with mirror in experimental group and without mirror in control group. Data were analyzed by mixed analysis variance (2 * 3) with SPSS software at the error level of 0.05.
The results showed that there was a significant difference between balance (p = 0.001), group (p = 0.480), and balance and group interactive effect (p = 0.296) and only the balance factor had a significant effect. There was a significant difference in balance in all three stages of pre-test, intermediate and post-test.
In sum, the results showed that the mirror therapy improved the patients' balance, but this improvement was not enough to make a significant difference between the two groups. Therefore, it is recommended to use mirror therapy in the early stages of stroke.