gluteal muscle activation on treadmill running training and the influence on balance control

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Paper ID : 1095-12THCONG
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1physical education and sport sciences department, faculty of psychology and educational sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2physical education and sport sciences department, faculty of psychology and educational sciences, Shiraz University
3Assistance Professor of Exercise Physiology at Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Possessing ideal dynamic balance in athletes is of crucial importance in order to improving the movement and preventing injuries during exercises, therefore the aim of the present study was to assess the effect of lower limb corrective exercise along with gluteal muscle activation in dynamic balance while treadmill running.
In this quasi experimental design study 25 healthy active women with convenient sampling method participated in two groups of control (12 cases with average age of 21.2±2.8) and experimental group (13 cases with average age of 20.5±2.5). In experimental group corrective exercise was performed in 8 sessions during two weeks and pre and post balance test have been measured for two groups via star excursion balance test in three anterior, posteromedial and posterolateral directions. Statistical analysis were done through pair t test for within group comparison and independent t test for between group comparisons by considering the significant level of 0.05.
The results showed that two groups had no significant differences in balance indicator for different directions on pretest (P ˃0.05) and within group comparisons in experimental group illustrated the significant differences in anterior (P =0.008) and posterolateral direction (P = 0.011), while in posteromedial direction no significant differences was found (P˃0.05).
The results of presented study demonstrated that this corrective exercise has probably been able to improve dynamic balance in healthy active women through having impact on function, strength and muscle recruitment especially gluteal muscles, so as to this could be considerable in terms of injury preventing approaches and can be used in athletes conditioning programs.