Comparison of the role of macro, meso and micro factors in the development of athletic sport with an emphasis on sports federations.

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Paper ID : 1083-12THCONG
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1Sport Management, Physical Education and Sport Sience College, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2Sport Management, Physical Education and Sport Sience College, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
The purpose of the present study is to compare the role of macro, meso and micro levels in the development of Athletic sports with an emphasis on sport federations. The quantitative method was used. The population consisted of sport managers, sport management experts with research, managerial or consulting experience in relevant fields, members and staff of the Ministry of Sport, the National Olympic Committee, federations and boards located in Tehran N=400, and Sampling was also conducted randomly and the sample size was 186 according to Morgan chart. Documents, background literature, and surveys were used for collecting data. In the survey section a self- developed questionnaire was used. The questionnaire consisted of 56 questions on development indicators at macro, meso and micro levels as well as development factors related to federations. The instrument distributed between experts in the field of sport management. Finally, its validity (face, content and structure) was confirmed by experts. Also its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha (α = 0.872). For data analysis, in addition to descriptive indices, confirmatory factor analysis for confirmation of questionnaire items, single sample t-test for evaluating the role of each factor and Friedman test for comparing mean and ranking factors were used.
with regard to the fact that athletic sport in Iran in terms of micro and meso factors is in good condition, and also federations play a part in athletic development, increasing macro-level factors should be taken into consideration through developing appropriate programs and strategies because, given the young population of Iran, material and equipment investments can lead to global success.