A comparison of the effect of 8 weeks of the original and modified otago exercise on the fear of movment, quality of life and functional of the elders
Oral Presentation XML
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran
One-third of 65 years old people and over, fall at least once a year. Falling occurs in approximately 25% of older adults aged 65 to 74 each year that the rate increases to 29% for those in the 75 to 84 years category. For adults aged 85 and over, 36% are at risk for falling. The direct spending for the health care of this phenomenon in the EU reaches € 25 billion a year. In the United States in 2015, the medical costs of falling were about $ 50 billion. Otago Exercise Program (OEP) is the most disseminated fall prevention program and is individually prescribed at home. There is a combination of OEP with new approaches leading to improved formats. However, there are still few published studies.
This study has studied other methods of OEP (modified formats) and compared their effects with the original OEP format on fear of movement, quality of life and functional of the elderly.
Forty-five men were randomly divided into two experimental groups for the original (15), modified Otago (15) and one control group (15). Participants completed 8 weeks of exercise, 3 sessions per week, and 60 minutes of exercise per session. To evaluate the fear of movement, Quality of Life and the functional evaluation or measurement, the Questionnaire (TSK), Questionnaire (SF-36) and TUGT, FRT and FTSST are pre-test - post-test were used respectively.
for analysis, the covariance test was used for independent variables of fear of movement, quality of life and lambda wilks test was used to evaluate the multivariate variance (MANOVA) of functional variables components. The findings of the study indicate that the modified Otago exercise is more effective than the original Otago exercise.
By applying the Otago exercise program and especially the modified Otago, the improvement of health factors and mental abilities of elderly can be obtained.