Relationship Between Upper Extremity Postural defects with Body Fat Percentage in Adult Women
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Paper ID : 1069-12THCONG
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Authors
1PhD candidate in sports Biomechanics, physical education and sport sciences, Islamic Azad University, central branch, Tehran, Iran.
2PhD in sports Biomechanics, physical education and sport sciences, Islamic Azad university, central branch, Tehran, Iran.
3MS in sports Biomechanics, Physical Education & Sport Science, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
4MS in sports Biomechanics, Physical Education & Sport Science, Islamic Azad University, central branch, Tehran, Iran.
5MS in Sport Injuries and Corrective Movements, Physical Education & Sport Science, Ferdowsi university, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract
A sedentary and inactive lifestyle can lead to some postural disorders which can affect some morphological changes in all parts of the human body. Body fat is one of the morphological measurements which may relate to postural disorders and little study has been done about it. Faulty posture may contribute additional important information to assess the relationship between body posture and BF% visualization of the total (BF%) in adult women. In this study, we want to find out the relationships between postural defects in the upper extremity and BF% as a selected anthropometric factor in adult women.
The study group was composed of 170 adult women (age: 39.489±8.2 years, weight: 66.093±12.5 kg, %BF: 35.927 ± 6.55 %). Total BF% was calculated with skinfold thickness assessing at
at four body sites in mm (biceps (BI), triceps (TR), subscapularis (SB), suprailiac (SI)), and body posture deficits were estimated with using New York test and the plotted line, as well as musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) such as head forward, round shoulders, unleveled shoulders, kyphosis, scoliosis, lordosis, and flat back, were evaluated correspond to any three plane (lateral, posterior and anterior).
The results showed that there was a significant invert relationship between lumbar lordosis and kyphosis with BF% in adult women. Moreover, there was a negative relationship significantly between faulty body posture with BMI.
Inactive women with less BF% and BMI, have more lumbar and kyphosis disorders. It seems in these women because of BF% and BMI decrease, their muscles do not have enough strength to keep their body in a proper posture.
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