Effect of goal setting and locus of control on sport performance
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Sabzevar University of Sabzevar, Sabzevar, Iran
2Assistant Professor in Motor Behavior, Sport Science Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
3Sabzevar Islamic Azad University
Abstract
Achieving the optimal levels of performance requires intelligence in designing training and considering individual differences. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of goal setting (easy-difficult) and the locus of control (internal and external) on the performance of basketball's free throw.
The research is applied in terms of the purpose and semi-experimental in terms of controlling the variables. The population of the study consisted of all non-athlete male students of Farhangian University (age 19-23) who did not have regular sports activities in the field of basketball. The sample consisted of 40 students who were divided into four groups according to the type of goal setting (easy-difficult) and the type of locus of control (internal and external) and practiced during three days (60 throws each day). At the end of each day, participants were tested. The General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg, 1979) and the locus of Control (Rotter, 1966) and the Basketball Free throw Test were used in this study. Two-way ANOVA 2 (easy and difficult targeting) * 2 (internal and external control source) and SPSS 23 software were used to analyze the data.
The results of this study showed that the main effect of goal setting and locus of control on free throw performance in first, second and third tests were not significant (p≥0.05). But the interaction effect of goal setting and locus of control on free throw performance in the first, second and third tests were significant (p≤0.05).
Findings indicate a significant interaction of locus of control of individuals and the goal setting methods. Individuals with external locus of control in easy goal setting and individuals with internal locus of control in difficult goal setting showed the best performance in the first, second and third tests. Thus, when the goal setting fits with personality characteristics, it seems that performance will be maximized.
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