Effect of one period of CXWORX training on serum levels of adipolin in sedentary overweight women
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Paper ID : 1028-12THCONG
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1Faculty of physical education and sport sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
2Physical education Department, Rasam higher education institute, Karaj, Iran
Adipolin is a member of CTRP family expressed abundantly in adipose tissue. Experimental studies indicated that adipolin can play a significant role in the pathogenesis of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Previous studies showed that Adipolin treatment also reduces macrophage accumulation and expression of pro-inflammatory genes in fat tissue of obese mice. To our knowledge, no study has been conducted on CXWORX exercises. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of one period of CXWORX on serum levels of adipolin in sedentary overweight women.
In this study, 20 overweight women (BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 , mean age 33.6±3.5 yr.) who referred to the health clinic in Region 3 of Tehran Municipality were selected and randomly divided into two groups (control and CXWORX groups). CXWORX exercises core muscles, increasing strength and stability. CXWORX group performed CX exercises with 50-80% 1RM (one repetition maximum) for 16 sessions (three 45-minute sessions per week). Anthropometric indices were measured before and after intervention. Serum levels of adipolin were analyzed by ELISA before and after intervention. For statistical analysis of the findings, independent t-test was used by SPSS-20 software. A significant level of 0.05 was considered.
Data analysis indicated that plasma levels of adipolin in CXWORX group were significantly higher than the control group (p=0.015) after intervention. The weight, BMI, WHR and body fat percent in the training group were significantly lower than the control group (p<0.05).
The results indicated that CXWORX training is one of the treatment procedures to reduce weight, BMI and body fat mass by increasing serum levels of adipolin. These data suggest that adipolin functions as an anti-inflammatory adipokine that exerts beneficial actions on obesity and overweight.