Influence of amount and type of exercise on motor memory consolidation
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Paper ID : 1025-12THCONG
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1Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University*. Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
3Faculty of Sport Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran. Iran
4Faculty of Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University Tehran Branch.
Observational learning is one of the most popular teaching methods. In addition to the importance of vision in the acquisition of motor skills, the amount of exercise is also important. The organization and arrangement of exercises is a very important and one of the effects of training interference phenomenon to enhance the effectiveness of exercise interventions in learning skills. Blondin et al. (1994) and Wright et al. (1997) in their study found that the randomized exercise group performed better than physical exercise. Although Random practice is nowadays recognized as one of the most effective training methods on learning, observational practice also plays an important role in learning motor skills. Memory consolidation is the processes that occur during consciousness as well as during sleep at different levels of organization and function in the brain, over time. amount and type of training on consolidation and learning of motor skills based on observational training and underlying interference.
In this research, a sample of 120 non-physical female students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch, with a range of 20-28 years, was selected. Participants were randomly divided into 12 groups of 10 in each group with randomized physical exercise, randomized physical exercise, stereotyped observational practice, randomized observational training, stereotyped combined exercise and randomized combined exercise with low and high exercise effort. Subjects performed long, sharp, and short badminton retention tests, training sessions, and retention and transfer tests.
The results of two-way analysis of variance in the retention test showed that there was a significant difference between the performance of the observation exercise participants and the physical exercise participants..The results of the post hoc test showed a significant difference between the performance of the observation exercise participants with the physical exercise participants and the combined exercise.
The results showed that the RCT group had the highest performance and the observation group with the high training effort had the weakest performance in retention and transfer tests. Accordingly, random and combined exercises will improve performance in learning and consolidating motor memory.