The effect of training in explicit and implicit learning conditions on the accuracy of Futsal shoot in motor memory consolidation: The mediating role of sleep
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1Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University*. Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
3Faculty of Sport Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran. Iran
4Faculty of Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran
Traditional (explicit) theories in motor learning and memory consolidation assume that motor skills are learned explicitly at the beginning of learning and through cognitive processes that generate explicit (conscious) knowledge. While hidden learning consists of the knowledge we have about it, we have no conscious awareness of it. According to research, the results suggest that sleep is one of the most important circadian circuits and complex biological patterns. Sleep can have benefits for explicit learning as well as hidden learning, but evidence for the role of sleep on cache memory and motor memory consolidation is stronger and stronger. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of low-risk and high-risk training on the accuracy of the futsal shoot of semi-skilled young girls with the mediating role of sleep-consciousness.
The statistical community of this research included 40 bachelor female students of Alzahra University were selected based on specified criteria of this study and were randomly divided into four educational errorful and errorless groups through implementing the role of sleep and consciousness. Participants underwent a pre-test, acquisition and post- test (retention) and practiced the accuracy of footsal shot.
The results of this study showed that the training efforts were half-experienced due to the increased accuracy of the futsal shoot of young girls. Transmission and retention test results showed that the low-risk group after night sleep performed better than the high-risk group before and after sleep and the low-risk group before night sleep.
The overall result of the present study was that, although exercise in both low-error and high-error conditions leads to improvement and improvement in learning, low-error practice in all stages of learning compared to high-error training with accuracy and performance More desirable. The essential role of sleep on learning has also been proven to stabilize newly learned information. Based on the findings of the present study, it is suggested that instructors and trainers of motor skills use low error training and night sleep to improve motor skill level.