Databases Role in Developed Countries’ Football
Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran
Today, football has a much great share in the growth and development of countries than in the past three decades. Many resources including players, coaches, referees, and managers valuable have contributed to increasing this role. What is necessary for the registration of data and the valuation of these elements is the existence of an important network of data and databases that professionals are used in their analysis and forecasts. Objective: The aim of this research was to study the role of databases in football development. Methodology: The research was conducted with a qualitative approach and using three-stages open, selective and theoretical coding with the method of Sandelowski and Barroso. Results: Among the 56 selected documents, 430 open codes and 84 concepts were obtained. In developed countries, successful federations have used these databases for many reasons: in managing the national teams and junior representative teams, organizing league competitions, supporting talent promotions. Also for transferring players, supporting coaches basic/advanced training. It is also used in the automatic checking of player eligibility or possible suspensions when creating team line-ups, scouting functionality for monitoring matches and players, information on players and their performance and based on eligible players for play are introduced to the junior/youth and A national teams. Furthermore, their functions are in managing the talent promotion bases and the corresponding coaches and representation of all relevant information required for the licensing of a youth academy on specified deadlines to the federation. In this database, pool of eligible players and their profiles, documentation of performance tests, performance analysis, recording of talent-related data, e.g. physical performance data and the player's career, national / international transfers, comprehensive evaluation, archive of training exercises that can be used to produce individual and team-oriented training plans and online club management. Conclusion: Optimal management would be impossible without information. Football is no exception to this rule, and because of its vast and varied dimensions, it is necessary to be used to such a database that recorded all information available in clubs and competitions and used in the analysis, is the requirement.