The effect of eight weeks of water training and vitamin D supplements on serum levels of antioxidant enzymes, strength and body composition of the sedentary elderly men
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract
The aging process will reduce physical activity levels and physical and mental disabilities development and, consequently, a decline in quality of life. With age, functional impairment occurs in cell mitochondria, which damages the cell and produces free radicals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of water exercises with vitamin D supplements on the serum levels of antioxidant enzymes, the strength and body composition of sedentary elderly men.
The subjects were included 21 elderly men over 60 years old who had entry criteria for research. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups of exercise in water with vitamin D supplementation and exercise in water with placebo. The supplement group received 50000 IU per month vitamin D. Both groups trained three sessions per week for eight weeks. 24 hours before of first and after last session of the exercise protocol, serum levels of SOD, CAT, TAC, body composition, and strength were measured.
The results of this study showed that there were significant intra-group changes for serum levels of SOD, CAT, TAC and body composition (p <0.05). However, there was no significant differences between groups for values of SOD, CAT, TAC, body composition and hand and trunk strength (p <0.05).
The results of this study showed that 8 weeks of exercise in water led to improvement in Body composition and antioxidant enzymes but combination of water exercise with vitamin D supplementation did not have synrgetic effects on the antioxidant enzymes, the strength and body composition of the elderly men.
Keywords
Subjects